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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/943

タイトル: Skill distribution and comparative advantage: a comparison of China and India
著者: Asuyama, Yoko
明日山, 陽子
キーワード: China
India
Manufacturing industries
Manufactures
Labor productivity
Labor conditions
International competition
Exports
Comparative advantage
Production chains
Sequential production
Skill distribution
Issue Date: Feb-2011
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: IDE Discussion Paper. No. 277. 2011. 2
抄録: This paper empirically examines the different comparative advantages of two emerging economic giants, China and India, in relation to the different skill distribution patterns in each country. By utilizing industry export data on China and India from 1983 to 2000, we find that a country with a greater dispersion of skills (i.e., India, especially in the earlier years) has higher exports in industries with shorter production chains, whereas a country with a more equal dispersion of skills (i.e., China, especially in the later years) is found to have higher exports in industries with longer production chains. The causal relationship is fairly robust across different specifications. This empirical evidence supports our assumption that the likely mechanism for these results is the negative impact of low-skilled workers on input quality, which accumulates and becomes larger as the length of production chains and the proportion of low-skilled workers in the economy increase.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/943
Appears in Collections:01.経済、産業(Economy and Industry)/複数地域(Interregional Studies)
04.IDE Discussion Paper

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