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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/930

タイトル: Firm dynamics in the Cambodian garment industry: firm turnover, productivity growth, and wage profile under trade liberalization
著者: Asuyama, Yoko
Chhun, Dalin
Fukunishi, Takahiro
Neou, Seiha
Yamagata, Tatsufumi
明日山, 陽子
福西, 隆弘
山形, 辰史
キーワード: Cambodia
Firm turnover
Garments
Labor-intensive industrialization
Multifibre arrangement
Race to the bottom
Total factor productivity
Apparel industry
Productivity
Wages
Employment
Issue Date: Dec-2010
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: IDE Discussion Paper. No. 268. 2010.12
抄録: The international garment trade was liberalized in 2005 following the termination of the MFA (Multifibre Arrangement) and ever since then, price competition has intensified. Employing a unique firm dataset collected by the authors, this paper examines the changes in the performance of Cambodian garment firms between 2002/03 and 2008/09. During the period concerned, frequent firm turnover led to an improvement of the industry’s productivity, and the study found that the average total-factor productivity (TFP) of new entrants was substantially higher than that of exiting firms. Furthermore, we observed that thanks to productivity growth, an improvement in workers’ welfare, including a rise in the relative wages of the low-skilled, was taking place. These industrial dynamics differ considerably from those indicated by the “race to the bottom” argument as applied to labor-intensive industrialization in low income countries.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/930
Appears in Collections:04.IDE Discussion Paper
01.経済、産業(Economy and Industry)/東南アジア(Southeast Asian Studies)

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