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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/801

タイトル: Political conditions for fair elections
著者: Kawanaka, Takeshi
川中, 豪
キーワード: Democracy
Election
Governance
Democratic consolidation
Institution
民主主義
選挙
統治
民主主義の定着
制度
Issue Date: Nov-2008
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: IDE Discussion Paper. No. 181. 2008.11
抄録: Democracy is not necessarily consolidated simply by the introduction of formal democratic institutions. It is often observed in new democracies that democratic institutions are neglected and eroded in actual practice. Particularly, electoral fraud committed by a ruler is one of the main problems in this regard. This paper deals with two questions, (1) under what conditions does a ruler have an incentive to hold fair elections (or to rig elections), and (2) what makes a ruler prefer to establish an independent election governing institution? Assuming that a ruler prefers to maintain her power, basically she has an incentive to rig elections in order to be victorious in the political competition. A ruler, however, faces the risk of losing power if the opposition stages successful protests on a sufficiently large scale. If opponents are able to pose a credible threat to a ruler, she will have an incentive to hold fair elections. The problem is that information on electoral fraud is not shared by every player in the game. For the opposition, imperfect information deepens their coordination problems. Imperfect information, on the other hand, in some cases causes a problem for a ruler. If the opposition is sufficiently cohesive and have little tolerance of cheating, even unverified suspicions of fraud may trigger menacing protests. In such a case, a ruler has an incentive to establish an independent election commission to avoid unnecessary collisions by revealing the nature of the elections.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/801
Appears in Collections:04.IDE Discussion Paper
02.政治、国際関係(Politics,International Relationship)/特定地域なし(Non Region-specific Studies)

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