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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/738

タイトル: Myanmar Sugar SMEs: History, Technology, Location and Government Policy
著者: San Thein
Kudo, Toshihiro
工藤, 年博
キーワード: Myanmar (Burma)
Small and medium enterprise (SME)
State-owned economic enterprise (SEE)
Sugar
Sugarcane
Resource-based location
Market economy
Mandalay
Pyawbwe
ミャンマー (ビルマ)
中小企業
国有企業
砂糖
サトウキビ
原料産地立地
市場経済
マンダレー
ピョーブウェー
Issue Date: Apr-2008
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: IDE Discussion Paper. No. 147. 2008.4
抄録: Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) engaged in sugar processing in Myanmar appeared in the last decade of the socialist era. An acute sugar deficit, restricted trade in white sugar, and high demand from the conventional dairy business led to the growth of sugar SMEs by appropriate blending of semi-finished products (syrup) in the fields, which were then processed in vacuum pans and centrifugals to obtain white sugar. This became a tradable commodity and sugar SMEs grew in clusters in big cities. They are family-owned businesses. However, they lack the bagasse-based power generation. In recent years, large modern sugar factories operated by private and military companies have emerged as key players. The current shortage of fuel feedstock and competition for raw materials have become driving forces that shift sugar SMEs from market-oriented to raw material-oriented locations. Internal competition among key players made sugar price highly volatile, too. Being placed on a level playing field, the whole industry should be upgraded in terms of price and quality to become export-oriented.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/738
Appears in Collections:04.IDE Discussion Paper
01.経済、産業(Economy and Industry)/東南アジア(Southeast Asian Studies)

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