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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/699

タイトル: Has Low Productivity Constrained Competitiveness of African Firms? : Comparison of the Firm Performances with Asian Firms
著者: Fukunishi, Takahiro
福西, 隆弘
キーワード: Technical efficiency
Allocative efficiency
Manufacturing
Sub-Saharan Africa
Productivity
Manufacturing industries
Kenya
Bangladesh
技術効率
配分効率
サハラ以南アフリカ
生産性
製造業
ケニア
バングラデシュ
Issue Date: Dec-2007
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: IDE Discussion Paper. No. 129. 2007.12
抄録: It has been argued that the slow growth of productivity is one of critical sources of stagnation of the African manufacturing sector but empirical supports are limited. Using the inter-regional firm data of the garment industries, productive efficiency and its contribution to unit costs are compared between Kenya and Bangladesh which is the one of the largest exporters in the world. Our estimates have indicated that there is no clear gap in the average technical efficiency of the two industries despite conservative estimation, while allocative efficiency is significantly lower in the Kenyan industry. Unit costs greatly differ between the two industries, where impact of inefficiency on unit costs is small and labour cost appears to have the largest impact. Productivity accounts little for the stagnation in the garment industry.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/699
Appears in Collections:04.IDE Discussion Paper
01.経済、産業(Economy and Industry)/アフリカ(African Studies)

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