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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/659

タイトル: Industrial Policy in Asia
著者: Kuchiki, Akifumi
朽木, 昭文
キーワード: Industrial policy
Export-processing zones
Foreign direct investment
Government intervention
Market competition
Priority production method
Production rationalization method
Import-substituting industrialization
Export-oriented policy
East Asia
Southeast Asia
Japan
South Korea
China
Foreign investments
Exports
産業政策
輸出加工区
外国直接投資
政府介入
市場競争
傾斜生産方式
生産合理化計画
輸入代替工業化
輸出指向政策
東アジア
東南アジア
日本
韓国
中国
国際投資
輸出
Issue Date: Oct-2007
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: IDE Discussion Paper. No. 128. 2007.10
抄録: This paper examines three types of industrialization that have occurred in East Asia: the Japanese, Chinese and generic Asian models. Industrial policies in Japan and the Republic of Korea (ROK) initially protected local companies from foreign investors by imposing high tariffs on foreign investors. But Japan began introducing liberalization policies to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) in the 1960s, and the ROK began to welcome foreign technology in the 1970s. Meanwhile, the governments of the ASEAN countries and Taiwan established export-processing zones (EPZ) to invite FDI by offering preferential treatment, such as tax deductions and exemptions. China adopted similar industrial policies and also established EPZs, attracting the capital and know-how of multinationals and thereby strengthening the international competitiveness of local enterprises. This paper reaches the following three conclusions. First, it would have been difficult for East Asian countries to grow without FDI. Second, central governments were a crucial factor in these countries' growth strategies. Third, EPZs offering preferential treatment can effectively enhance aggregate growth in developing countries, and the Asian experience shows that this strategy can be applied to other countries that satisfy certain preconditions.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/659
Appears in Collections:04.IDE Discussion Paper
01.経済、産業(Economy and Industry)/東アジア(East Asian Studies)

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