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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/624

タイトル: Trade, Foreign Investment and Myanmar's Economic Development during the Transition to an Open Economy
著者: Kudo, Toshihiro
Mieno, Fumiharu
工藤, 年博
三重野, 文晴
キーワード: Myanmar (Burma)
International trade
Cross-border trade
Foreign direct investment
Economic development
Development cooperation
Foreign investments
ミャンマー
貿易
国境貿易
外国直接投資
経済発展
開発協力
国際投資
Issue Date: Aug-2007
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: IDE Discussion Paper. No. 116. 2007.8
抄録: Throughout the 1990s and up to 2005, the adoption of an open-door policy substantially increased the volume of Myanmar's external trade. Imports grew more rapidly than exports in the 1990s owing to the release of pent-up consumer demand during the transition to a market economy. Accordingly, trade deficits expanded. Confronted by a shortage of foreign currency, the government after the late 1990s resorted to rigid controls over the private sector's trade activities. Despite this tightening of policy, Myanmar's external sector has improved since 2000 largely because of the emergence of new export commodities, namely garments and natural gas. Foreign direct investments in Myanmar significantly contributed to the exploration and development of new gas fields. As trade volume grew, Myanmar strengthened its trade relations with neighboring countries such as China, Thailand and India. Although the development of external trade and foreign investment inflows exerted a considerable impact on the Myanmar economy, the external sector has not yet begun to function as a vigorous engine for broad-based and sustainable development.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/624
Appears in Collections:04.IDE Discussion Paper
01.経済、産業(Economy and Industry)/東南アジア(Southeast Asian Studies)

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