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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/551

タイトル: Prospects for Development of the Garment Industry in Developing Countries: What Has Happened Since the MFA Phase-Out?
著者: Yamagata, Tatsufumi
山形, 辰史
キーワード: Garment
MFA phase-out
China
Bangladesh
Cambodia
Developing countries
Apparel industry
Exports
International agreements
衣類
多国間繊維取り決め終了
中国
バングラデシュ
カンボジア
発展途上国
アパレル産業
輸出
国際協定
Issue Date: Apr-2007
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: IDE Discussion Paper. No. 101. 2007.4
抄録: On January 1, 2005, the controlled trade regime on textiles and clothing which was based on the Multi-Fiber Arrangement (MFA) made in 1974 was abolished. This institutional change wrought great impacts on the world market for textiles and clothing.This paper reviews the impacts of the changes on the main markets and examines the prospects for the markets and the source countries. The main conclusions are as follows: (1) after the renewal of quantitative restrictions on Chinese garment exports were agreed with the US and the EU, the post-MFA surge in Chinese garment exports was significantly attenuated; (2) instead, the growth in garment exports from other Asian low-income countries to the two markets was revived in 2006; (3) the Japanese market has been kept almost intact from the impact of the regime shift; (4) some developing countries, such as Bangladesh and Cambodia, not only survived the liberalization but also have steadily expanded their garment exports throughout the transition; and (5) an indicative fact is that the profitability of the garment industry in Bangladesh and Cambodia was high on average according to surveys conducted in 2003, which might have bolstered the steady growth of garment exports in the past, and possibly future growth, too.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/551
Appears in Collections:01.経済、産業(Economy and Industry)/複数地域(Interregional Studies)
04.IDE Discussion Paper

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