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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/542

タイトル: Human Capital Investment and Poverty Reduction over Generations: A Case from the Rural Philippines, 1979-2003
著者: Takahashi, Kazushi
Otsuka, Keijiro
高橋, 和志
大塚, 啓二郎
キーワード: Intergenerational poverty dynamics
Child schooling
Occupational choice
Non-farm earnings
Philippines
Poverty
Rural societies
Human resources
世代間の貧困動態
児童教育
学校教育
就業選択
職業選択
非農業所得
非農業賃金
フィリピン
貧困
農村
人的資源
Issue Date: Mar-2007
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: IDE Discussion Paper. No. 96. 2007.3
抄録: This paper attempts to identify a pathway out of poverty over generations in the rural Philippines, based on long-term panel data spanning for nearly a quarter of a century. Specifically, it sequentially examines the determinants of schooling, subsequent occupational choices, and current non-farm earnings for the same individuals. We found that an initial rise in parental income, brought about by the land reform and the Green Revolution, among other things, improves the schooling of children, which later allows them to obtain remunerative non-farm jobs. These results suggest that the increased agricultural income, improved human capital through schooling and the development of non-farm sectors are the keys to reducing poverty in the long run. It must be also pointed out that the recent development of the rural non-farm sector offers ample employment opportunities for the less educated, which also significantly contributed to the poverty reduction.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/542
Appears in Collections:04.IDE Discussion Paper
03.社会(Society)/東南アジア(Southeast Asian Studies)

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