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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/382

タイトル: 米国経済制裁によるミャンマー縫製産業への影響-苦しむのは誰か?-
著者: 工藤, 年博
Kudo, Toshihiro
キーワード: ミャンマー(ビルマ)
米国
アメリカ合衆国
経済制裁
縫製産業
繊維工業
Myanmar (Burma)
The United States of America
Economic Sanctions
Garment Industry
Textile industry
Issue Date: Sep-2006
出版者: 笹川平和財団
引用: SPFオンデマンドレポート集 Voices from the World 東京、笹川平和財団、2006年
抄録: 2003年7月、米国はミャンマー製品の全面的な輸入禁止という、厳しい経済制裁を発動した。この制裁の最大の被害者は、ミャンマー縫製産業であった。制裁発動前、ミャンマーの対米輸出の8割以上は衣料品だったからである。多くの企業が倒産し、多くの労働者が職を失った。しかし、これまでその影響を包括的かつ正確に評価した調査・研究は皆無であった。本論文は現地での詳細なフィールド・ワークに基づき、経済制裁がミャンマー縫製産業に与えた影響を分析する。経済制裁で苦しむのは誰か。そして、経済制裁は所期の効果を上げているのか。これらの疑問に答える。
The United States imposed trade sanctions against the military regime in Myanmar in July 2003. The import ban damaged the garment industry in particular. This industry exported nearly half of its products to the United States, and more than eighty percent of United States imports from Myanmar had been clothes. The garment industry was probably the main target of the sanctions. Nevertheless, the impact on the garment industry and its workers has not been accurately evaluated or closely examined. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the impact of the sanctions and to further understand the present situation. This is done using several sources of information, including the author’s field and questionnaire surveys. This paper also describes the process of selection and polarization underway in the garment industry, an industry that now has more severe competition fueled by the sanctions. Through such a process, the impact was inflicted disproportionately on small and medium-sized domestic firms and their workers.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/382
Appears in Collections:99.その他の雑誌/ Other title
01.経済、産業(Economy and Industry)/東南アジア(Southeast Asian Studies)

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