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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/328

タイトル: Patent policy and public health in developing countries: lessons from Japan
著者: Aoki, Reiko
Kubo, Kensuke
Yamane, Hiroko
青木, 玲子
久保, 研介
山根, 裕子
キーワード: Pharmaceuticals
Patent system
Research & development
Intellectual property
Industrial property law
Pharmaceutical industry
Public health
Issue Date: May-2006
出版者: World Health Organization
引用: Bulletin of the World Health Organization 84.5 (2006.5): 417-418
抄録: The introduction of pharmaceutical product patents in India and other developing countries is expected to have a significant effect on public health and local pharmaceutical industries. This paper draws implications from the historical experience of Japan when it introduced product patents in 1976. In Japan, narrow patents and promotion of cross-licensing were effective tools to keep drug prices in check while ensuring the introduction of new drugs. While the global pharmaceutical market surrounding India today differs considerably from that of the 1970's, the Japanese experience offers a policy option that may profitably be considered by India today. The Indian patent system emphasizes the patentability requirement in contrast to the Japanese patent policy which relied on narrow patents and extensive licensing. R&D by local firms and the development of local products may be promoted more effectively under the Japanese model.
記述: リンクされているPDFはWeb版。Referencesが増補されているため印刷版より1ページ多い。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/328
Appears in Collections:99.その他の雑誌/ Other title
04.法律、行政(Law and Public Administration)/南アジア(South Asian Studies)

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