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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/310

タイトル: Agglomeration Economies in Japan: Technical Efficiency, Growth and Unemployment
著者: Mitra, Arup
Sato, Hajime
佐藤, 創
キーワード: Agglomeration economies
Technical efficiency
Economic conditions
Economic growth
Manufacturing industries
Unemployment
Japan
経済事情
経済成長
製造業
失業
日本
Issue Date: Feb-2006
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: IDE Discussion Paper. No. 48. 2006.2
抄録: This paper examines if the effects of agglomeration economies get manifested in technical efficiency and generate faster economic growth and higher (lower) levels of employment (unemployment). Using the prefecture level data for each of the two-digit groups of industries in Japan, the paper estimates region-specific technical efficiency index based on the stochastic frontier production function framework. The results of the factor analysis show that in most of the industry-groups (with a few exceptions) efficiency has a positive association with external scale variable(s). Though the relationship is not seen to be very strong, it would be equally erroneous to ignore the effect of agglomeration economies on efficiency. In the case of some of the light goods industries the agglomeration effect is relatively stronger. Further, economic growth varies positively with external scale variable(s) and unemployment rate tends to fall with respect to growth and concentration. All this tends to suggest that measures against industrial concentration may be counter-productive, particularly in the context of globalisation when countries are in dire need of raising productivity.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/310
Appears in Collections:04.IDE Discussion Paper
01.経済、産業(Economy and Industry)/その他(Developed Countries)

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