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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/202

タイトル: International Competitiveness of Manufacturing Firms in sub-Saharan Africa
著者: Fukunishi, Takahiro
福西, 隆弘
キーワード: Manufacturing exports
International competitiveness
Sub-Saharan Africa
Manufacturing industries
Exports
International competition
Business enterprises
Africa
製造業
輸出
国際競争力
企業
アフリカ
Issue Date: May-2004
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: IDE Discussion Paper. No. 2. 2004.5
抄録: As the success of East Asian countries has shown, labor-intensive industry is recognized to lead economic growth in the early stages of development, utilizing relatively low labor costs. This same growth process has already started in South and South East Asian LDCs since the mid-1990s. However, the manufacturing sector in sub-Saharan Africa has been underdeveloped and manufacturing exports, in particular labour-intensive goods, have stagnated. This paper investigates the international competitiveness of the African manufacturing sector and its determinants through an analytical survey of empirical studies and a comparison with Asian low income countries. Empirical evidences indicate that primary factors of competitiveness, namely productivity, labour cost and exchange rate are unfavorable in sub-Saharan Africa. Representative arguments attribute the weak competitiveness to problems in the business environment, factor endowment, and the exchange rate. However, careful review shows that labour cost is beyond the range explained by endowment and misalignment of exchange rates have been reduced in Africa. Moreover, comparison with Asian low income countries which have competitiveness in labour-intensive goods shows no difference in the quality of business environment, while the labour cost is significantly lower than sub-Saharan African countries. Although results should be considered tentative, high labour cost beyond endowment and conservative investment behavior emerge as important factors for the weak competitiveness in sub-Saharan Africa when controlling income level.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/202
Appears in Collections:04.IDE Discussion Paper
01.経済、産業(Economy and Industry)/アフリカ(African Studies)

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