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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/182

タイトル: Who Develops Innovations in Medicine for the Poor? Trends in Patent Applications Related to Medicines for HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Malaria and Neglected Diseases
著者: Ito, Banri
Yamagata, Tatsufumi
伊藤, 萬里
山形, 辰史
キーワード: HIV/AIDS
Malaria
Tuberculosis
Neglected diseases
Patents
Medicine
Knowledge production
Diseases
Medical care
Developing countries
エイズ
マラリア
結核
特許
疾病
医療
発展途上国
Issue Date: Apr-2005
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: IDE Discussion Paper. No. 24. 2005.4
抄録: Who invents medicines for the poor of the world? This question becomes very important where the WTO allows low income countries to be unbound by the TRIPS agreement. This agreement concerns medicines for infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. These diseases cause serious damage to low income countries. Under these circumstances, some scholars wonder if anyone will continue innovative activities related to treating these diseases. This paper sought to answer this question by collecting and analyzing patent data of medicines and vaccines for diseases using the database of the Japan Patent Office. Results indicate that private firms have led in innovation not only for global diseases such as HIV/AIDS but also diseases such as malaria that are spreading exclusively in low income countries. Innovation for the three infectious diseases is diverse among firms, and frequent patent applications by high-performing pharmaceutical firms appear prominent even after R&D expenditure, economies of scale, and economies of scope are taken into account.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/182
Appears in Collections:04.IDE Discussion Paper
03.社会(Society)/複数地域(Interregional Studies)

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