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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/1183

タイトル: Marriage as women's old age insurance : evidence from migration and land inheritance practices in rural Tanzania
著者: Kudo, Yuya
工藤, 友哉
キーワード: Tanzania
Social security
Women welfare
Land tenure
Aged
Migration
Demography
Gender empowerment
Land ownership
Social custom
Widowhood
Issue Date: Sep-2012
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: IDE Discussion Paper. No. 368. 2012.9
抄録: In a traditional system of exogamous and patrilocal marriage prevalent in much of Sub-Saharan Africa, when she marries, a rural woman typically leaves her kin to reside with her husband living outside her natal village. Since a village that allows a widow to inherit her late husband's land can provide her with old age security, single females living outside the village are more likely to marry into the village. Using a natural experimental setting, provided by the longitudinal household panel data drawn from rural Tanzania for the period from 1991 to 2004, during which several villages that initially banned a widow's land inheritance removed this discrimination, this study provides evidence in support of this view, whereby altering a customary land inheritance rules in a village in favor of widows increased the probability of males marrying in that village. This finding suggests that providing rural women with old age protection (e.g., insurance, livelihood protection) has remarkable spatial and temporal welfare effects by influencing their decision to marry.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/1183
Appears in Collections:04.IDE Discussion Paper
03.社会(Society)/アフリカ(African Studies)

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