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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/1165

タイトル: Shrinking population and the urban hierarchy
著者: Kim, Ho Yeon
金, 浩淵
キーワード: South Korea
Economic geography
Urban societies
Local economy
Population shrinkage
Rank-size rule
Central place theory
Issue Date: Aug-2012
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: IDE Discussion Paper. No. 360. 2012.8
抄録: This paper examines whether population shrinkage leads to changes in urban hierarchy in terms of their relative size and function from the standpoint of the new economic geography. We find some salient patterns in which small cities in the agglomeration shadow become relatively bigger as medium industries spill over on them. This appears to be quite robust against a variation in the rate of natural change among cities. Thus, rank-size relationship and the urban hierarchy are partly disrupted as population shrinks. Regarding the welfare of the residents, a lower demand for land initially causes rent to go down, which boosts the utility. However, the illusion is short-lived because markets soon begin to shrink and suppress wages. We also find that it is better to maintain a slow pace of overall population decline in the long-term perspective. More importantly, it is crucial to sustain the relative livability of smaller cities to minimize the overall loss of utility.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/1165
Appears in Collections:04.IDE Discussion Paper
01.経済、産業(Economy and Industry)/東アジア(East Asian Studies)

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