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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/1158

タイトル: Features of Land Conflicts in Post Civil War Rwanda
著者: Takeuchi, Shinichi
Marara, Jean
武内, 進一
キーワード: Rwanda
Land
Conflict
Family
Politics
Land problems
Land tenure
Issue Date: Mar-2011
出版者: The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
引用: African Study Monographs, Suppl.42: 119-138, March 2011
抄録: Land conflicts in Rwanda have attracted particular attention because they have both environmental and political causes. This paper attempts to shed light on the nature of land conflicts in present-day Rwanda based on popular justice records and interviews collected in two rural areas. From the analyses of these data, two types of land confl ict can be distinguished. The first type consists of those among family members. Given that land is the most important asset for ordinary rural households, its inheritance often brings about conflicts between right-holders. Those of the second type are triggered by political change. Impacts of the two national-level violent conflicts in Rwanda, the “social revolution” just before independence and the civil war in the 1990s, are of tremendous significance in this context. The military victory of the former rebels in 1994 caused a massive return of Tutsi refugees, who were officially permitted to acquire land from the original inhabitants. Although no serious protestation against this policy has occurred thus far, it has produced various land conflicts. Dealing with potential grievances among original inhabitants is an important challenge for the present government.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/1158
Appears in Collections:01.経済、産業(Economy and Industry)/アフリカ(African Studies)
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