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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/1129

タイトル: Development strategy in Bihar through revitalizing the agricultural sector : a preliminary analysis
著者: Fujita, Koichi
藤田, 幸一
キーワード: India
Community development
Agriculture
Rice
Wheat
Local economy
Bihar
Agricultural backwardness
Rice improved varieties
Tube-wells
Experience of West Bengal
Issue Date: Mar-2012
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: IDE Discussion Paper. No. 332. 2012.3
抄録: Based mainly on secondary data and partly on primary information obtained through field surveys in selected rural areas in Bihar in 2011, this paper firstly argues the critical importance of agricultural growth for overall economic development, and then reviews the sluggish growth of agriculture in Bihar in the past and examines the major reasons for this. The long-term negligence of agricultural research (especially development and diffusion endeavors for improved rice varieties suitable to the local conditions of Bihar) by the state government and some sort of ‘backwardness’ in tube-well irrigation technology can be pointed out as important constraints. There is, in particular, the ‘paradox’ in Bihar agriculture of why rice and wheat yields have remained so low in spite of the relatively well-developed irrigation by tube-wells. Finally, by showing the process of a rapid increase in autumn and winter rice yields during the 1990s in West Bengal, it is suggested that Bihar farmers and policy-makers should learn from the experience of West Bengal in order to get some hints for the development of the rice sector in Bihar.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/1129
Appears in Collections:04.IDE Discussion Paper
01.経済、産業(Economy and Industry)/南アジア(South Asian Studies)

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