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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/1020

タイトル: Chapter 2 Equilibrium locations of upstream and downstream firms
著者: Gokan, Toshitaka
後閑, 利隆
キーワード: Developing countries
Developed countries
Economic geography
Econometric model
Trade theory
Spatial economics
Upstream and downstream firms
Issue Date: Mar-2010
出版者: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
引用: New Challenges in New Economic Geography. edited by Satoru Kumagai. Chiba: Institute of Developing Economies-JETRO, 2010. 43-82
抄録: This paper explores the interaction between upstream firms and downstream firms in a two-region general equilibrium model. In many countries, lower tariff rates are set for intermediate manufactured goods and higher tariff rates are set for final manufactured goods. The derived results imply that such settings of tariff rates tend to preserve a symmetric spread of upstream and downstream firms, and continuing tariff reduction may cause core-periphery structures. In the case in which the circular causality between upstream and downstream firms is focused as agglomeration forces, the present model is fully solved. Thus, we find that (1) the present model displays, at most, three interior steady states, (2) when the asymmetric steady-states exist, they are unstable and (3) location displays hysteresis when the transport costs of intermediate manufactured goods are sufficiently high.
記述: 2009年度調査研究報告書
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/1020
Appears in Collections:01.経済、産業(Economy and Industry)/複数地域(Interregional Studies)

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